Laparoscopic Surgery

Laparoscopy is a way of performing a surgery. Instead of making a large incision (or cut), surgeons make tiny incisions and insert thin instruments and a camera into an area, to view the internal organs and repair or remove tissue. It is easier for patients to recover from laparoscopy compared with regular abdominal surgery because the wounds from the incisions are so small.

Complications are rare, but as with any surgery, infection is a risk. Bleeding in the abdomen is also possible. Scars may develop. Anesthesia during surgery can cause heart attack, stroke, and pneumonia, but these consequences are rare.

During laparoscopy, the following risks exist:

  • The surgeon may puncture an blood vessel or organ. This could cause bleeding or injury to the organ. If the colon is ruptured, its contents may spill into the abdomen.
  • Scar tissue from previous operations could present a problem for the trocars to be inserted properly into the abdomen. Scar tissue could prevent the gas from expanding the abdomen.

Now a days, various operations are performed laproscopically :

  • To view a tumor in the abdomen.
  • Removal of a kidney in a living donor.
  • Tubal ligation.
  • To view injury following trauma or an accident.

Q.   Since the incisions are so small, why can't minimally invasive surgery be done with a local anesthetic?

A.   That's because the general anesthesia does more than block the sensation of pain; it also relaxes muscles and makes it easier for the surgeon to work inside the body and complete the operation.

Q.   Why do people recover faster from minimally invasive surgery?

A.   Mainly because of the small incisions. The large incision used in many traditional operations causes more damage to layers of skin, muscle, and other body tissue. It takes a long time for the body to repair that damage